|Uttar Pradesh often
referred to as U.P. or Uttam Pradesh is a state located in the northern part of India. With a population of over 190 million people,it is India's most populous state, as well as the world's most populous sub-national entity. Were it a nation in its own right, Uttar Pradesh would be the world's sixth most populous country. Uttar Pradesh is the second largest state-economy in India contributing 8.17% to India's total GDP Between
2004 and 2009.
The area has undergone several name changes and territorial demarcations since the early 19th century, i.e., after the British East India Company had established its supremacy in the Gangetic plains. In 1833 the then Bengal Presidency of the Company was divided into two parts, one of which became Presidency
of Agra; in 1836 the Agra area was named North-Western Provinces and placed under a Lieutenant Governor by the Company.